Fellows represent the core social and behavioral sciences (anthropology, economics, history, political science, psychology, and sociology) but also the humanities, education, linguistics, communications, and the biological, natural, health, and computer sciences.
Public Affairs and Public Policy
National University of Singapore
During his year at CASBS as a NUS fellow, Eduardo Araral will finish a book project on rethinking trust and collective action, which will provide a critical synthesis of the literature, redefines collective action as calculative trust and illustrates this new approach with essays on Ostrom, Olson, the commons, public goods, climate change, COVID-19 and US-China rivalry.
Araral’s research focuses on collective action and institutions for collective action. He has 70 publications in journals, books and working papers. His awards include fellowship in the research centers of three Nobel Laureates in economics (Coase, Ostrom, Stigler); the 2013 Ostrom Prize for the Governance of the Commons, a Fulbright PhD Award, and the 2016 Pamana Ng Lahi Presidential Award for outstanding overseas Filipinos. Araral has undertaken 20 consultancy projects for the Asian Development Bank, World Bank, UNDP, Microsoft, Amazon, General Electric, local governments and NGOs. He has lectured in more than 230 executive education programs for more than 5,000 senior government officials from more than 50 countries throughout Asia, Russia, and Africa. His media engagement includes BBC, CNBC, Al Jazeera, Voice of America, Bloomberg, Financial Times, The Economist, China Daily, South China Morning Post, Washington Post, Chicago Tribune, LA Times, among others.
Araral is associate professor at National University of Singapore. He has 30 years experience in academia and government, including 20 years of Asia focused advisory/consulting for governments/donors and executive education. He holds a PhD in public policy from Indiana University Bloomington on a Fulbright scholarship with Elinor Ostrom (2009 Nobel Laureate in economics) as his supervisor.
University of Pennsylvania
Robert Aronowitz will spend the year working on a book tentatively titled Lost in Translation: the Highly Intervened-in Body and the Challenges to Judgement. The project explains how the gap between what is known in aggregate and the medical decisions facing individuals has widened in the past century. Aronowitz is particularly interested in how the increased amount and power of medical interventions have complicated judging what works and is safe. The project focuses on clinician theorists of judgement and prognosis and case studies of past conundrums. Aronowitz hopes to contribute to a better understanding of longstanding challenges made acutely visible in the current pandemic, for example why we have been so ill prepared to deal with the virus’ differential impact on individuals and groups.
Aronowitz is a physician and an historian of medicine whose research has focused on the contested meanings often attached to disease. He is the Walter H. and Leonore C. Annenberg Professor in the Social Sciences and professor of the history and sociology of science at the University of Pennsylvania. He is the author of Making Sense of Illness: Science, Society, and Disease (Cambridge University Press, 1999); Unnatural History: Breast Cancer and American Society (Cambridge University Press, 2013); and Risky Medicine: Our Quest to Cure Fear and Uncertainty (Chicago University Press, 2015). For more information about his work, visit https://www.sas.upenn.edu/~aronowit/
University of Michigan
Jenna Bednar will spend her fellowship year focused on a project tentatively titled Governance for Human Flourishing. This project seeks to understand how to restore the prosocial norms necessary for democracy to thrive. Through the development of models and analysis of case studies, she will explore the importance of shifting from purely legal or state-based solutions to ones where people participate, as members of a community, in defining goals and pathways, as tracked in four realms: dignity, sustainability, community, and beauty.
Bednar is professor of political science and public policy at the University of Michigan and a member of the external faculty at the Santa Fe Institute. Her research focuses on how collective action builds social goods and the role that government plays in making that collaboration possible. Current work includes: robust system design, especially of federalism; how culture affects the way people respond to laws and norms; and public policy to support human social flourishing. In 2019, her book The Robust Federation: Principles of Design (Cambridge University Press, 2008) was awarded the APSA Martha Derthick Best Book Award in recognition of its enduring contribution to the study of federalism. In 2020, she was named APSA Daniel Elazar Distinguished Federalism Scholar.
For more information about her work, please see her website: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~jbednar/
During the fellowship year, Aisha M. Beliso-De Jesús will be working on her second monograph that examines the policing of African diaspora religions in the United States. This work seeks to understand how race and religion impact policing practices through African diaspora religions such as Afro-Cuban Santeria and Haitian Vodou. It will examine animal rights, human rights, religious freedom, and the policing of racialized religions. It is situated at the intersections of the anthropology of police, Africana Studies, Latinx Studies, and religious studies to re-think core issues around race, democracy, and religion.
More broadly, Beliso-De Jesús’s work explores how white supremacy impacts global structures of power from an anthropological perspective. She is currently co-editing a book, Anthropology of White Supremacy, which brings together decolonial approaches. She is professor and director of the programs in American studies, Latino studies, and Asian American studies at Princeton University. Before Princeton, she spent almost a decade at Harvard Divinity School where she was professor of African American religions. Her publications include articles in American Anthropologist, American Ethnologist, Cultural Anthropology, Signs, the Journal of Africana Religions, and the Journal of the American Academy of Religion. Beliso-De Jesús is also the co-founder and co-director of the Center on Transnational Policing (CTP) at Princeton University’s department of anthropology, and editor-in-chief of Transforming Anthropology, the flagship journal for the Association of Black Anthropologists.
Computer Sciences and Engineering
Michael Bernstein will spend the fellowship year developing theory and design for pro-social social media platforms. Bernstein’s research designs, builds, and studies social computing systems at scales from teams to crowds.
He is an associate professor of computer science and STMicroelectronics faculty scholar at Stanford University, where he is a member of the Human-Computer Interaction Group. This research has won best paper awards at top conferences in human-computer interaction, including CHI, CSCW, and UIST, and reported in venues such as The New York Times, New Scientist, Wired, and The Guardian. Bernstein has been recognized with an NSF CAREER Award, Alfred P. Sloan Fellowship, and UIST Lasting Impact Award. He holds a bachelor’s degree in Symbolic Systems from Stanford University, as well as a master’s degree and a PhD in computer science from MIT.
National Taiwan University of Science and Technology
Sufen Chen plans to spend her year at CASBS as a Stanford-Taiwan Social Science fellow studying the influence of the trust and dependence of AI on adolescents’ learning and well-being. AI and machine learning are increasingly integrated into learning systems and help to diagnose students’ learning so as to provide precision learning. It is likely that learning will ever depend on AI to recommend the content and path and offer scaffolding for learning. How are learners responsible for their learning? Will AI favor and reinforce certain ideologies, perspectives, learning strategies, and paths, while overlooking the needs and specialties of minority groups? When students get used to digital learning, they have cultivated an attitude of trust on technology. Could they avoid over-trusting on AI and make informed decisions as a reflective citizen? There is a need to make AI transparent and explainable and complement human expertise.
Based on her longitudinal research on adolescents’ school engagement, motivational beliefs, achievements, sport habits, and technology use, Chen will also continue her project on adolescents’ well-being. Adolescents are at a distinct pubertal period, quick and early adopters of new technology, and vulnerable to social media fatigue, addiction, and sedentary habits. Technology brings opportunities for learning, social connection, and exploration. However, less resources are put to guide adolescents’ use of technology. In particular, their parents and teachers are the first generation to face such a challenge. The project is expected to yield suggestions for policy and interventions.
Chen is distinguished professor at National Taiwan University of Science and Technology (NTUST), Taiwan. Her other research in the field of science education, psychology, and Internet use is introduced at: https://sufenlab.wixsite.com/sufenchen
University of California, Los Angeles
During his time at CASBS, Scott Cummings will work on related projects to deepen understanding of the role of lawyers in strengthening democracy and defending the rule of law. He will complete a book that presents a sweeping theoretical reappraisal of how lawyers matter to social movements, drawing upon interdisciplinary research to challenge long-standing concerns about legal cooptation and reclaim the central value of law in struggles for equality and inclusion. Cummings will also launch a project, ignited by the ethical misconduct of lawyers in the 2020 election, which examines the power of professional regulation to serve the interests of faltering democracy in an age of disinformation and conspiricism.
Cummings’ research focuses on legal ethics and the profession, law and social change, local government, and inequality. His work combines legal and empirical analysis to explore issues related to access to justice, legal careers, and legal mobilization. His most recent book, An Equal Place: Lawyers in the Struggle for Los Angeles (Oxford University Press, 2021), explores the role of lawyers in building decentralized systems of labor law and worker power at the city level. He has written numerous articles in top journals and is co-author of the nation’s first textbook on public interest law and co-editor of the casebook, Legal Ethics.
Cummings is the inaugural Robert Henigson Professor of Legal Ethics and professor of law at the UCLA School of Law in Los Angeles, California, where he serves as director of the Program on Legal Ethics and the Profession. He is the recipient of the Fulbright Distinguished Chair at the European University Institute.
Online communication is gaining a central role in our society and the opportunities for more and more people to interact online in potentially fruitful ways continue to grow. Sadly, online interactions have also acquired a reputation for not going well: this extends all the way from unproductive and inefficient online collaboration to outright antagonism and harassment in online discussions. During his fellowship, Cristian Danescu-Niculescu-Mizil will take a mixed-methods approach to explore the benefits and potential risks of using novel computational tools to increase the quality of online discussions.
Danescu-Niculescu-Mizil is an associate professor in the information science department at Cornell University. His research aims at developing computational methods that can lead to a better understanding of our conversational practices, supporting tools that can improve the way we communicate with each other. He is the recipient of several awards – including an NSF CAREER Award, the WWW 2013 Best Paper Award, a CSCW 2017 Best Paper Award, and two Google Faculty Research Awards – and his work has been featured in popular media outlets such as The Wall Street Journal, NBC’s The Today Show, NPR and The New York Times.
For more, please visit his website: https://www.cs.cornell.edu/~cristian/
Lauren Davenport will spend her CASBS year studying the dynamic and subjective nature of race, and how it is impacted by political phenomena. Theoretically, social science accepts a constructivist view of race – that it varies across contexts, interaction, and individual choice. But empirically, the underlying concept in racial measurement in the U.S. remains fixed and categorical by confining respondents to the marking of boxes on a form. In a series of projects, Davenport will examine original surveys and survey experiments to assess the fluidity of racial self-identity and categorization, and the degree to which race is shaped by ascriptive and acquired traits.
Davenport’s research focuses on American politics and public opinion, particularly how racial and ethnic minorities develop their identities and political attachments. She is an associate professor of political science at Stanford University. Her research has been published in leading journals in political science and sociology, including the American Political Science Review, the American Sociological Review, and the American Journal of Political Science. Her book, Politics Beyond Black and White (Cambridge University Press, 2018), won the International Society of Political Psychology Sears Best Book Award. In 2021, she was awarded Stanford’s Dean’s Award for Distinguished Teaching in the School of Humanities and Sciences.
For more information, please visit her website: https://ldd.people.stanford.edu/
Public Affairs and Public Policy
International Budget Partnership
Paolo de Renzio will spend his fellowship year working on a proposal for a new way of thinking about public finance and fiscal policy that goes beyond the current neoliberal consensus – too narrowly focused on the need to maintain fiscal discipline and on the promotion of economic growth through private investment – and is better suited to tackle some of the most pressing issues that societies around the world face, from persistent poverty to growing inequality, from the threat of climate change to the rise of populism and the increasing disillusionment with governments as engines of social progress. (See this blog for an early formulation of some of the main ideas he intends to work on.)
Over the past 20 years, de Renzio’s work has focused on different aspects of public finance reforms across a wide range of countries and in a number of different capacities – in government agencies, international organizations, think tanks, academia and civil society. He’s lived and worked in a number of developing countries, and has collaborated with many global organizations like the World Bank, the OECD, the European Commission and Oxfam. de Renzio is currently senior research fellow at the International Budget Partnership. At IBP, he leads research on fiscal openness, equitable budgets and public financial management. (See, for example, the volume he co-edited on “Open Budgets”.) He also holds regular visiting faculty positions at the Harvard Kennedy School and the London School of Economics.
While it may seem obvious that growing up in a disadvantaged household challenges the development of healthy children, scholars and laypersons alike frequently relegate socioeconomic status to a background factor – something that must be controlled for while examining more “critical” variables influencing child development. One result of this tendency is the absence of a scholarly monograph on poverty and child development. During the year, Gary Evans will work on a book about poverty and child development examining biology, brain, physical and mental health sequelae of early disadvantage. One of the reasons poverty and other forms of disadvantage are bad for children’s development is because of the plethora of risk factors they and their families endure. Thus, the book will also explore underlying biological and environmental factors that can help us understand underlying processes linking childhood disadvantage to human development.
Evans is the Elizabeth Lee Vincent Professor of Human Ecology in the Cornell University College of Human Ecology. Current research with his students includes empirical work on childhood poverty and developmental trajectories; children’s environmental exposures (e.g., housing quality, environmental stressors, chaotic households) and children’s stress and socioemotional development. He is also doing exploratory work on what young children understand and feel about climate change.
For more, please visit: https://www.human.cornell.edu/people/gwe1
University of Washington
During her time at CASBS, Megan Finn will be working on a book project called Inconvenient Data. Using historic research approaches along with document analysis and interviews, her project will tell stories about datasets that rearticulate space as dangerous and people as vulnerable, what Finn calls inconvenient data. Through ongoing comparative case studies, Finn will examine several moments of inconvenient data across environmental and health disasters by focusing on the infrastructures which produce and mediate data for various publics. The proposed project builds on scholarship conducted on the intersection of disasters and information infrastructures for earthquake publics, which culminated in Finn’s first book, Documenting Aftermath: Information Infrastructures in the Wake of Disaster (MIT Press, 2018). In disasters, the institutions, people, and practices that support the ongoing production of infrastructure are existentially challenged. Documenting Aftermath is a historic examination of how information and communication infrastructures shaped people’s unequal experiences of earthquakes in Northern California.Finn also works in the area of computing and information ethics and governance.
Finn is an associate professor in the Information School at the University of Washington. She received her PhD from UC Berkeley. For more information about Finn’s work, visit http://www.meganfinn.org/
Wayne State University
During her time at CASBS, Jennifer M. Gómez will write her book, Cultural Betrayal, Sexual Abuse, & Healing for Black Women & Girls: From Black Lives Matter to Me Too. With a contract from the American Psychological Association (APA) Books, this will be the first book to use the cultural betrayal trauma theory (CBTT) research to contribute to academic and national discussions regarding anti-Black racism and sexual violence. In synthesizing the CBTT research and other transdisciplinary scholarship, this book will provide implications for culturally competent therapy, radical healing, and institutional courage .
Gómez’ primary research focus is CBTT, which she created as a framework for researching the mental, behavioral, physical, and cultural health impact of violence on Black and other marginalized youth, young adults, and elders within the context of inequality. Recognized by the National Academy of Sciences and funded by the Ford Foundation Fellowship Programs, Gómez has published over 60 peer-reviewed journal articles, book chapters, scholarly writings, and pieces for the general public.
Gómez is an assistant professor in the department of psychology and Merrill Palmer Skillman Institute for Child & Family Development (MPSI) at Wayne State University. She received her PhD in psychology from University of Oregon in 2017. For more information, visit https://jmgomez.org
Anna Grzymala-Busse will spend her year at CASBS working on a book about the medieval and religious origins of the modern state in Europe. The book advances two arguments: the critical moment for state formation came considerably earlier than the conventional wisdom would have it, and the influence of the Christian church was more important than inter-state rivalry. The church provided trained personnel, institutional templates, and new legal and political concepts, all of which made the European path of state development so unusual.
Grzymala-Busse is the Michelle and Kevin Douglas Professor of International Studies in the department of political science at Stanford University, where she is also a senior fellow at the Freeman Spogli Institute and the director of the Europe Center. Her research focuses on religion and politics, populism and democratic erosion, and state formation, and she has published numerous article as well as three books: Redeeming the Communist Past (Cambridge University Press, 2002), Rebuilding Leviathan (Cambridge University Press, 2007), and Nations Under God (Princeton University Press, 2015).
University Carlos III of Madrid
Stefan Houpt will work on Social Unrest in Twenty First Century Latin America, a book project that will trace the processes of globalization to the rise and reversal of fortunes of the new global middle class in Latin America and its relationship with growing social unrest. This will entail reexamining globalization and its impacts on public goods, poverty, health, job security, public and citizen insecurity – with an emphasis on the perception of life improvement.
Houpt has published in leading journals in economic history: European Review of Economic History, Cliometrica, Journal of lberian and Latin American Economic History, and Scandinavian Economic History Review. He has contributed to the most recent Cambridge Economic History of Modern Europe (Cambridge University Press, 2010) and the Historia económica de España (Ariel Press, 2013) and co-edited and coauthored Astilleros Españoles, 1872-2000 (LID Editorial, 2002).
Houpt is an associate professor in economic history at Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. He received his PhD in quantitative economics at Universidad Carlos III. He has worked extensively on the economic history of the steel industries in Spain and Sweden, shipbuilding in Spain, social unrest and living conditions in Bilbao. His more recent work centers on the Spanish stock exchanges and the political events leading up to the Spanish Civil War.
As a CASBS fellow, Hakeem Jefferson will be working on a book manuscript focused on Black Americans’ attitudes toward punishment, with a special focus on attitudes toward punishment that implicates and targets members of the racial group. This book project builds on Jefferson’s award-winning dissertation project and seeks to nuance understandings of identity and the role it plays in structuring individuals’ political attitudes and behaviors. In particular, this work endeavors to understand how experiences of stigma shape the considerations individuals bring to bear in their evaluations of policies that police or punish stereotype-confirming behavior from other group members. In line with Jefferson’s general approach to understanding social problems, this work combines insights from political science, sociology, history, and social psychology to tell a story of Black Americans’ commitment to the politics of respectability, and the consequences that attach to this worldview. As a researcher interested in justice for marginalized groups, Jefferson is especially interested in how the social and psychological processes he examines help to sustain racialized systems of social control that bear disproportionately on the lives of Black Americans.
Jefferson is an assistant professor of political science at Stanford University where he is a faculty affiliate with the Stanford Center for American Democracy and the Center for Comparative Studies in Race and Ethnicity. His research focuses broadly on questions of race and identity in American politics. In addition to his work on punishment and the politics of respectability, Jefferson’s recent work focuses on Americans’ reactions to police shootings of Black Americans, the validity of survey measures of ideology across racial groups, feelings of racial voicelessness among White Americans, and the social construction of Blackness among the American public. You can learn more about these and other research projects by visiting his personal website (www.hakeemjefferson.com). Beyond his faculty commitments, Jefferson is an academic contributor at FiveThirtyEight and a frequent source for journalists at various national media outlets, including The New York Times, The Washington Post, and NPR. He earned his PhD in political science from the University of Michigan and his Bachelor of Arts in political science and African American studies from the University of South Carolina.
During her time at CASBS, Amalia D. Kessler will work on a book provisionally entitled The Public Roots of Private Ordering: Arbitration and the Remaking of the Modern American State. The project aims to reconceptualize the early twentieth-century origins of modern American arbitration, challenging the now dominant view that arbitration is necessarily a matter of private contract in which government has no business interfering. Arbitration, she argues, was not an effort to retreat from the state, but rather, to refashion it. As such, it was part of an ad hoc, bottom-up, and non-bureaucratic approach to state-building that was distinctively American – and one that we would do well to recall, as we confront the challenges of our new Gilded Age.
Kessler is the Lewis Talbot and Nadine Hearn Shelton Professor of International Legal Studies and professor (by courtesy) of history at Stanford University, as well as the director of the Stanford Center for Law and History and the Law School’s associate dean for Advanced Degree Programs. Her research explores the intersections between law, markets and dispute resolution in both France and the United States from the early modern period through to the twentieth century. Among her publications are Inventing American Exceptionalism: The Origins of American Adversarial Legal Culture, 1800-1877 (Yale University Press, 2017), which received the American Society for Legal History’s award for the best English-language monograph on Anglo-American legal history by a mid-career or senior scholar; and A Revolution in Commerce: The Parisian Merchant Court and the Rise of Commercial Society in Eighteenth-Century France (Yale University Press, 2007), which was awarded the American Historical Association’s prize for the best book in English on French history. She is a 2021 Guggenheim Fellow.
For more information, please see: https://law.stanford.edu/directory/amalia-d-kessler
Hebrew University of Jerusalem
During the fellowship year at CASBS, Neta Kligler-Vilenchik will work on the manuscript for a new book, provisionally titled Not your parents’ politics: Youth political expression in unexpected spaces. This book seeks to offer a new and urgently-needed framework to understand, analyze, and – at times, newly appreciate – youth political expression, as it takes place in diverse online spaces and through unexpected expression forms. Synthesizing the work Kligler-Vilenchik has conducted over the past few years examining innovative forms of youth political expression in a variety of digital spaces, the approach underlying this book is one that first seeks to describe and understand youth political expression, and only then question it normatively.
Kligler-Vilenchik is associate professor of communication at the department of communication & journalism at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel. Kligler-Vilenchik’s work examines the role that digital media play in political expression, asking how various online platforms enable, shape, and also constrict, the voicing and negotiating of bottom-up politics. She has published on these topics in leading communication journals, and is also a co-author of the book By Any Media Necessary: The New Youth Activism (New York University Press, 2016).
Santa Fe Institute
At CASBS J. Stephen Lansing will investigate possible roadmaps for managing the global commons, pursuing the question posed by Elinor Ostrom following her 2009 Nobel Memorial prize, “Will Lessons from Small Scale Social Dilemmas Scale Up?” While the global commons are almost entirely unmanaged, the management of local common pool resources is a problem that has often been solved by human communities. But case studies cite many different social and environmental factors affecting success. For Operating Manual for Spaceship Earth 2.0, Lansing will investigate the sources of the steering capacity of the fragile institutions that manage the commons, drawing from his ongoing research on Balinese water temples and the “message sticks” of nomadic hunter-gatherers in Borneo.
Lansing is an anthropologist whose most recent book is Islands of Order (Princeton University Press, 2019), which investigates the causes of discontinuous social change in the islands of the Malay archipelago. In a nonlinear world stable equilibria – like persistent language communities or cultural practices – appear as islands in a sea of change. He is an external professor at the Complexity Science Hub Vienna and the Santa Fe Institute; a visiting scholar at the Hoffman Global Institute at INSEAD Singapore, and emeritus professor of anthropology at the University of Arizona. He was a fellow at CASBS in 2000-01. For more, please visit: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J._Stephen_Lansing and www.slansing.org
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
At CASBS, Thomas Levenson will be working on So Very Small, a book that traces the history of germ theory. This project examines why it took so long to move from the discovery of microbes in the late seventeenth century to the recognition that such naked-eye-invisible organisms could produce human disease in the 1870s, and then what was done with that knowledge. Most broadly, it traces the evolving conceptions of the human role in or dominion over nature that have shaped our engagement with the microcosmos, in ways that still affect social behavior in the face of disease.
Levenson, a science writer with a historical bent, focuses on moments when scientific ideas shift, with a particular emphasis on the social and cultural context for such shifts. One of the goals of this larger project is to undermine notions of discovery as solitary bolts of inspiration. His most recent books are Money for Nothing (Random House, 2020), The Hunt for Vulcan (Random House, 2015), and Newton and the Counterfeiter (Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2009). He has previously held a Guggenheim fellowship, shared a Peabody award, and won the National Academies Science Communication Award. He is a professor of science writing at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
New York University
Julie Livingston will spend her time at CASBS working on a book length essay that reimagines global health for the proximate future, using principles of the commons to rethink public health. The ongoing SARS-COV-2 pandemic has exposed the inadequacy of contemporary public health, from the failure of institutions like the CDC and WHO to provide for collective wellbeing, to the profound racial disparities in access to care and disease outcomes, as well as in vulnerability stemming from conditions of labor, housing, and environment. The book will use the pandemic as its organizing logic, allowing for an assessment of the current state of public health and imagining how it might be reworked in relation to an actual complex, massive, and scalar problem.
Livingston is Silver Professor of Social and Cultural Analysis and History at New York University. A cross-disciplinary scholar with training in history, anthropology, and public health, her interests include the body as a moral condition and mode of experience, taxonomies and relations that challenge them, southern African political and moral imagination; relations between species, and the public health consequences of capitalism and economic growth. She is also an active member of the NYU Prison Education Program Research Collective https://wp.nyu.edu/nyu_debt_project/. For more information about her work, see https://as.nyu.edu/content/nyu-as/as/faculty/julie-livingston.html
University of California, Los Angeles
Indigenous-language immersion (ILI) is a holistic education approach designed to promote language and culture revitalization, academic equity, community wellbeing, and Indigenous self-determination. In collaboration with a multi-university research team on which she is principal investigator, Teresa McCarty will devote her fellowship year to analyzing and disseminating findings from a US-wide study of ILI schooling funded by the Spencer Foundation. The study asks how, when, for whom, and why ILI is beneficial. What are the implications for education policy and the linguistic, cultural, and educational sovereignty of Indigenous peoples?
McCarty lives and works in the homelands of the Gabrielino-Tongva, Tovaangar, and is honored to work with and for the Indigenous peoples of this place. At the University of California, Los Angeles, she is the George F. Kneller Chair in Education and anthropology and faculty in American Indian Studies. A member of the National Academy of Education, her books include Language Planning and Policy in Native America, “To Remain an Indian”– Lessons in Democracy from a Century of Native American Education (with K.T. Lomawaima, Multilingual Matters, 2013), Indigenous Language Revitalization in the Americas (with S.M. Coronel-Molina, Routledge, 2016), and A World of Indigenous Languages (with S.E. Nicholas and G. Wigglesworth, Channel View, 2019). Her research is featured at https://www.spencer.org/learning/what-can-indigenous-language-immersion-programs-teach-us-about-education-practice-for-native-american-learners
Why are publics all over the world increasing their support for populist politicians, especially right-wing ones? Could this be related to the widespread globalization the world has experienced in the last thirty years? Globalization is a process by which national economies become integrated into the global economic system. At CASBS, Helen Milner will explore how international trade, investment, immigration as well as open capital markets and technological change have altered politics nationally by increasing inequality, insecurity, and interdependence. In turn, politicians on the far right and left have altered their appeals to target globalization and foreign influences of all sorts, as well as liberal democracy. The gravest concern is that this reaction to globalization undermines liberal democracy, which has been a force for peace, prosperity and human rights. Her research thus examines how globalization is changing domestic politics and in turn how these changes in domestic political coalitions are altering world politics.
Milner is the B.C. Forbes Professor of Politics and International Affairs at Princeton University and the director of the Niehaus Center for Globalization and Governance at Princeton’s School of Public and International Affairs. She has written extensively on the connections between domestic politics and international relations, trade and foreign aid, technological change and recently environmental politics. Milner was a CASBS fellow in 2001-02.
For more, please visit https://scholar.princeton.edu/hvmilner/home.
Santa Clara University
Kris James Mitchener will spend the fellowship year working on several projects. He is finishing a book entitled, In Defense of Public Debt. Although debt crises and debt defaults are dramatic events that attract considerable attention, his book argues these are only part of the history of two millennia of government borrowing. The ability of governments to issue debt has played a critical role in addressing emergencies – from wars and pandemics to economic and financial crises, as well as in funding essential public goods and services such as transportation, education, and healthcare. In these ways, the capacity to issue debt has been integral to state building and state survival. A second project will utilize a quasi-natural experiment from history to explore how the governance of central banks influences their ability to respond as lenders of last resort during financial crises.
Mitchener’s research focuses on financial crises, economic growth, exchange-rate regime choice, and monetary economics, and has appeared in leading scientific journals, including the American Economic Review, the Journal of Political Economy, and Economic Journal. He served as editor-in-chief of Explorations in Economic History from 2015 to 2020.
Mitchener is the Robert and Susan Finocchio Professor of Economics at Santa Clara University, a research associate at NBER and CAGE, and a research fellow at CEPR and CESifo. He received his BA and PhD from the University of California, Berkeley.
For more information about his work, visit https://sites.google.com/site/krismitchener/
University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
For the fellowship year, Kevin Mumford intends to complete a book manuscript on the modern dynamics of hate. His research looks at organizations such as the Anti-Defamation League, the Southern Poverty Law Center, and the Lesbian and Gay Task Force, as well as local groups, such as Communities United Against Violence and the Japanese American Citizens League. Biographical portraits of incidents and victims, such as the murder of Vincent Chin, the drowning of Charlie Howard, and the lynching of Loyal Gardner, Jr., help to flesh out the growing public recognition of the problem across the nation and abroad. At the same time, the pioneering black congressmen, Representative John Conyers, Jr. spearheaded hearings on bias crimes around the twentieth anniversary of the famous Kerner Commission Hearings that investigated urban violence in 1968. The debate on the Hate Crimes Statistics Act of 1990 highlighted the cultural wars divide between liberals such Senator Edward Kennedy and conservatives such as Senator Jesse Helms.
At the same time, as the government established national standards on the expression of bias and enhanced sentencing for crimes, many questioned if such actions would be permitted by the courts. The rise of a new generation of the Ku Klux Klan in the 1980s signaled not only a resurgence of white supremacy but also a First Amendment crisis. A variety of anti-violence projects, such as Communities United Against Violence and the Japanese American Citizens League worked to protect communities from rising incidents of vandalism, battery, and homicide, among other acts. All of this in the shadow of the Reagan Presidency and the rightward political turn that has powerfully reshaped government and society in our own times.
Mumford is professor of history at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. His first book, Interzones: Black/White Vice Districts in Chicago and New York in the Early Twentieth Century (Columbia University Press, 1997), analyzed the Progressive-era backlash against the Great Migration, prostitution, and dance that unintentionally spawned a thriving underground of interracial intimacy that transformed urban modernism. His Newark: A History of Race, Rights, and Riots in America (New York University Press, 2007) critically examined the urban crisis in a major postwar city that culminated not only in violent riots but also political redistribution. Not Straight, Not White: Black Gay Men from the March on Washington to the AIDS Crisis (University of North Carolina Press, 2016) presented biographical portraits of both famous and obscure black gay activists mobilizing against racial and sexual injustice on both sides of the color line.
Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales
Jules Naudet will spend the fellowship year writing a book based on a participant ethnography of elite sociability he conducted in India. His observations reveal how elite parties and gatherings are driven by the ceaseless collision of multiple motivations and agendas and how these clashes allow for the unfolding of instrumental strategies that shape the opportunity structure, opening paths of mobility to some and shutting down opportunities for others. More recently, Naudet, along with Bruno Cousin (CEE, Sciences Po), has also explored elite sociability in the French context through an ethnography of the Paris inner-circle of power.
Naudet is CNRS associate research professor at the EHESS Center for South Asian Studies (CEIAS). His earlier work looked at upward social mobility in India, the US and France and he is the author of Stepping into the Elite (Oxford University Press, 2018), a book that revisits the classical question of the experience of moving from one class to another. As an inequality scholar, he is interested in the social institution of caste and, along with Surinder S. Jodhka (JNU), he co-edited the Oxford University Press Handbook of Caste in Modern Times (forthcoming 2021). Naudet is also the co-editor in-chief of La Vie des Idées/Books & Ideas, an on-line journal hosted by the Collège de France. https://booksandideas.net/About-us.html
University of Burundi
Arcade Ndoricimpa will be working on an ongoing project titled Capital movement through trade misinvoicing in Africa: A Disaggregated Approach. The phenomenon of capital flight has become an issue of increasing concern over the past decades because of the scourge it inflicts upon poverty alleviation efforts in the developing countries. The international community recognizes that the commitment to sustainable development is being increasingly undermined by illicit financial flows. Previous studies have shown that trade misinvoicing is an important mechanism for capital flight. Trade misinvoicing undermines domestic resource mobilization as it robs governments of customs duties and corporate tax revenues. This hampers social service delivery and poverty reduction efforts. The objective of this project is to generate evidence that may help to better understand the phenomenon of trade misinvoicing and identify ways to tackle the problem. Using trade data from the United Nation’s COMTRADE database and the IMF’s Direction of Trade Statistics (DOTS) database, the study seeks to estimate trade misinvoicing in Africa at a disaggregated level, by major trading partners and by major export and import commodities. Factors determining trade misinvoicing in Africa will also be examined, and potential loss of tax revenues will as well be computed.
Ndoricimpa is currently an associate professor in the faculty of economics and management at the University of Burundi. He is the STIAS-Iso Lomso fellow at CASBS. His research interests are mainly in applied macroeconomics.
Chinese University of Hong Kong
As the CUHK-CASBS fellow, Laikwan Pang hopes to spend the year finishing a book manuscript on the intellectual and cultural history of state sovereignty in Modern China, exploring how this “foreign” concept was first received and continued to morph in the different political systems – imperial, republican, socialist, and post-socialist. This manuscript emphasizes particularly the changing relations between the sovereign and the people, as well as the tensions between democracy and state control in this turbulent history.
Pang is professor of cultural studies at the Chinese University of Hong Kong. She is the author of a few books, including, more recently, The Appearing Demos: Hong Kong During and After the Umbrella Movement (University of Michigan Press, 2021), The Art of Cloning: Creative Production During China’s Cultural Revolution (Verso Books, 2017), Creativity and Its Discontents: China’s Creative Industries and Intellectual Property Rights Offenses (Duke University Press, 2012), and The Distorting Mirror: Visual Modernity in China (University of Hawaii Press, 2007). Her books have received CHOICE Outstanding Academic Title and Chiang King-Kuo Foundation Publication Award, and she has also been awarded the Discovery International Award by Australia Research Council, as well as the Research Excellence Award and the Young Research Award by the Chinese University of Hong Kong.
University of Southern California
At CASBS, Manuel Pastor will further develop the ideas and rhetoric in a recently released volume, Solidarity Economics: Why Mutuality and Movements Matter (Wiley, 2021). Co-authored with Chris Benner, the book summarizes several decades of collaborative research and offers a fundamental rethinking of economic theory and narrative centered on how mutuality can generate superior economic and environmental outcomes and why we need political movements of solidarity to transform the rules of the current economic game. Recognizing that the world of the public intellectual has changed dramatically – one cannot simply hope that work will work its way into the broader public debate – what Pastor will do at CASBS is further develop the theory in active conversation with other scholars and write a series of popular articles that will focus on policy applications and so allow “solidarity economics” to catch on.
Pastor is an economist by training and is a distinguished professor of sociology at the University of Southern California (USC) and director of USC’s Equity Research Institute. His recent books include South Central Dreams: Finding Home and Building Community in South L.A. (with Pierrette Hondagneu-Sotelo, NYU Press, 2021), and State of Resistance: What California's Dizzying Descent and Remarkable Resurgence Means for America's Future (The New Press, 2018). His work has long been in the lane between activism and the academy; aside from numerous academic awards, such as holding the Turpanjian Chair in Civil Society and Social Change, he was honored by the Liberty Hill Foundation in Los Angeles as the Wally Marks Changemaker of the Year in 2012 and received the Champion for Equity Award from the Advancement Project in 2017 in recognition of his long history of working directly with community-based organizations and social movement actors.
University of Massachusetts Amherst
Alejandro Pérez Carballo will spend his year at CASBS working on a book project about conceptual evaluation: about when, how, and why some ways of thinking about and conceptualizing the world are better than others.
Intellectual progress often involves forming better beliefs about the world. But it also sometimes involves introducing better conceptual tools: to take one example, introducing the concept of a germ – a “seed of disease” – was crucial to understanding the spread of disease. And while it is clear what it is for our beliefs to improve – they improve to the extent that they get closer to the truth – it is less clear what makes some way of conceptualizing the world an improvement over another. The motivating concern behind Pérez Carballo’s project is providing an answer to this question. The project has two primary goals. The first is to provide a framework to help understand the norms governing our choice of tools for making sense of the world, one that is sensitive to the subtly different roles that different sets of conceptual tools play in inquiry across a wide range of fields. The second is to articulate and defend a particular answer to the question what makes for conceptual progress, according to which concepts are better because and to the extent that they help us meet worthy explanatory goals. On this account, how good a concept is largely depends on considerations internal to various domains of inquiry – on how much theoretical work in can do for us – considerations that are sensitive to our epistemic interests and cognitive capacities.
Pérez Carballo is associate professor of philosophy at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst, and previously held appointments at the University of Southern California and the University of Sydney. Some of his recent work has focused on the nature of preference, on applications of probability theory to the study of epistemic rationality, and on what theories of moral and mathematical thought tell us about how we should think about meaning, cognition, and rationality. Pérez Carballo received his PhD in philosophy from MIT after studying philosophy, mathematical logic, and musicology at the University of Paris.
At CASBS, Laurence Ralph will think through the ways Black victimization becomes embodied, disproportionately impacting the long-term health of Black Americans. His work explores how police abuse, mass incarceration, and the drug trade make injury and premature death seem natural for people of color. His first book, Renegade Dreams (University of Chicago Press, 2014), received the C. Wright Mills Award and the J.I. Staley Prize. His second book, The Torture Letters (University of Chicago Press, 2020), explores a decades-long scandal in which hundreds of Black men were tortured in police custody. The Torture Letters is also the name of his award-winning, animated short film, which is featured in The New York Times Op-Doc series.
Ralph is a researcher, writer, and filmmaker. He has held tenured appointments in the African & African American studies and anthropology departments at Harvard. He is currently a professor of anthropology at Princeton University. Ralph has been awarded many fellowships for his work, some of which include grants from the National Science Foundation, the Wenner Gren Foundation, the Carnegie Corporation of New York, and the National Research Council of the National Academies. He is a member of the Institute for Advanced Study and a fellow of the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study.
For more, please visit https://laurenceralphauthor.com/
Public Affairs and Public Policy
At CASBS, Leigh Raymond will work on a book investigating the power of informal rules and institutions to affect formal rules, developing a theory of norm-driven policy change. Building on his earlier research investigating how advocates used norms, or informal rules of appropriate behavior, to pass new climate change policies, Raymond will work on a more general account of how norms can be used as tools of political change. His work will continue to explore climate change policy, while also investigating the potential for norm-driven policy change for other challenges such as the COVID-19 pandemic
Raymond is professor of political science at Purdue University. His research focuses on environmental policy design, enactment, and implementation, especially the role of justice and fairness norms in policy and behavior change. Raymond held a 2018 Fulbright Canada Research Chair, and his research has been funded by the National Science Foundation, the U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the Social Science and Humanities Research Council of Canada. He is the author of more than 35 refereed articles and book chapters and three books, including Reclaiming the Atmospheric Commons (MIT Press, 2016), which won the Lynton Caldwell Award for best book in environmental politics from the American Political Science Association.
Despite our nation’s tumultuous racial history, Americans generally believe the country has made and continues to make steady, linear, and perhaps automatic, progress toward racial equality. During the CASBS fellowship period, Jennifer Richeson will work on a book tentatively titled, the mythology of racial progress. The goal of the book is to offer a comprehensive examination of the role that belief in, and perhaps allegiance to, this racial progress narrative plays in maintaining a profound ignorance regarding the actual state of racial inequality in our nation.
Richeson is the Philip R. Allen Professor of Psychology at Yale University. Much of her recent research considers the political consequences of the increasing racial/ethnic diversity of the United States. Richeson also investigates how people reason about and respond to different forms of inequality and the implications of such processes for detecting and confronting injustice. She is an elected member of both the National Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. In 2006, she was named one of 25 MacArthur “Genius” Fellows for her work “highlighting and analyzing major challenges facing all races in America and in the continuing role played by prejudice and stereotyping in our lives,” and, in 2019 she received an honorary doctorate from Brown University for work that “expands the boundaries of knowledge on interracial interaction and the living contexts of diversity.” She is also the recipient of 2020 SAGE-CASBS Award.
Applied Behavioral Science
Behavioral science is a powerful tool for social impact, but it is far from ubiquitous among practitioners because we have not made it easy to use. During the fellowship year, Piyush Tantia will try to unpack elements of applying behavioral science that are still a “black box.” That will allow us to train practitioners more efficiently so that we may scale up the impact of behavioral science. Today, a relatively small number of experts help governments and other organizations incorporate a behavioral perspective, often landing on insights seemingly out of thin air. It is possible that those insights come from the expert unconsciously recognizing one of several patterns that recur in complex social issues. For example, administrative burdens come up as an often overlooked, but major, deterrent to people taking up beneficial programs. Tantia will explore whether such patterns exist.
Working with eminent behavioral scientists, Tantia built the world’s first, and now largest, non-profit behavioral science R&D lab, ideas42. ideas42 partners with organizations to develop and rigorously test behavioral interventions in the field. Over the last twelve years, ideas42 has worked on over 200 projects across 40+ countries across a range of areas including economic mobility, health, education, and financial health. Tantia was the founding executive director of ideas42, and currently is a board member and chief innovation officer.
Johns Hopkins University
Steven Teles will spend his time at CASBS working on a new book on the changing political economy of conservative parties in the U.S. and UK. He will focus on how changing perceptions of who parties’ voters are, combined with a shift in the cultural character of business, has provided an opportunity for a shift in the economic positions of the Tory and Republican parties. In both countries, this shift has largely occurred outside the mainstream economics profession, and can be understood as a “Abbottian” challenge to the jurisdiction of the discipline. However, the Tories have more thoroughly shifted their positions – in particular on industrial policy, regional inequality and austerity – than have the Republicans. His suspicion is that this has been driven by the greater ability of leaders in the UK to change their party’s positions, which is both a function of political institutions and the role of coalition groups in the two parties.
Teles’ past work has had two key themes. The first is an attempt to understand the role of ideas and intellectuals in politics and public policy. This theme started with his book Whose Welfare: AFDC and Elite Politics (University Press of Kansas), published in 1996, which argued that the stalemate on the issue from the 60s until the 90s was driven by cultural and political polarization that made it hard to implement changes consistent with public preferences. His next book, 2008’s The Rise of the Conservative Legal Movement (Princeton University Press), examined the strategies that conservatives brought to the challenge of competing with embedded legal liberalism. Along with David Dagan, his 2016 book Prison Break (Oxford University Press) looked at how conservatives had shifted positions on criminal justice, as a prism into the question of how individuals and movements change their minds. And finally, in 2020 (along with Rob Saldin) he published Never Trump (Oxford University Press), an examination of the Republicans who refused to support candidate and then president Trump.
The other major theme of his work has been a rethinking of liberal principles as applied to public policy and political economy. This work has mainly been pursued in a variety of essays, such as 2013’s “Kludgeocracy in America” and his book (with Brink Lindsey), The Captured Economy (Oxford University Press, 2017). He has also advanced this agenda through his affiliation with the Niskanen Center, where he has been a senior fellow since 2017.
Teles is professor of political science at the Johns Hopkins University, and he received his PhD in 1995 from the University of Virginia.
University of California, Los Angeles
Daniel Treisman is spending his year at CASBS working on a book that explores the remarkable resilience of democracy and why, despite this, observers often feel it is about to collapse. Since 1900, the number of democracies has risen from a handful to more than 50 percent of states worldwide. Above a certain level of economic development, almost none has ever reverted to authoritarian rule. Yet, as the system spread globally, books and articles about “crises” of Western democracy multiplied even faster. Why? Examining a range of data, the book will examine the reasons both for the global proliferation of popular government and for its seeming fragility.
A professor of political science at the University of California, Los Angeles, Treisman has published books on Russian politics, political decentralization, and the politics of economic reform. A former lead editor of the American Political Science Review, he has been a Guggenheim fellow and a visiting fellow at the Hoover Institution and the Institute for Human Sciences (Vienna), as well as receiving fellowships from the German Marshall Fund and the Smith Richardson Foundation. Besides Russian politics and economics, his research focuses on comparative political economy, democratization, and the politics of authoritarian states. For more, see www.danieltreisman.org
University of Pretoria
Mpho Tshivhase will spend her time at CASBS working on a book project called Uniqueness of Persons and Machines. Her aim is to use the fellowship year to extend her ideas of uniqueness of persons and examine whether such uniqueness is plausible in this age of posthumanism. The uniqueness of persons as a departure point to extend the application of the theory to AI machines, especially humanoids. Given that we have endowed AI with social status, this will have implications for the nature of uniqueness of persons and it will inspire questions about the uniqueness of AI as well. Her aim in the book is to question whether one can develop an account of the uniqueness of AI, especially humanoid social robots. In order to answer this question about the uniqueness of AI, she will account for the personhood of AI.
Tshivhase is currently a senior lecturer at the department of philosophy at the University of Pretoria. Her research interests are personhood, personal uniqueness, themes of love, autonomy, authenticity, death, African ethics, aspects of race, and afro-feminism. She has worked on different interdisciplinary institutional projects at the University of Pretoria that were hosted by the Center for Human Rights, the faculty of humanities, and the Center for Advancement of Scholarship. She was a visiting researcher in the moralities research group at the Bayreuth University in Germany. Tshivhase has also contributed to the intellectual and research activities within the Human Sciences Research Council (SA). Tshivhase has served as the president of the Philosophical Society of Southern Africa. She holds the 2018 Dean’s award for Outstanding Achievement in the Humanities Faculty and the 2019 Institute of People Management CEO’s Excellence Award. Furthermore, she is on the list of the 2019 Mail & Guardian 200 Young South Africans.
University of California, Los Angeles
Edward Walker will focus on two projects while at CASBS. The first is a set of studies on authenticity in social movements: (1) using large-scale text analysis, he will create indices of movement groups’ grassroots and institutional authenticity; (2) he will examine how movement insiders perceive the authenticity of a movement organization; (3) he will examine how authenticity affects recognition by policy elites; (4) he will carry out a series of experiments on how authenticity affects willingness to donate to and/or volunteer for a cause.
In the second project, Walker will extend his NSF-supported work on the sources and outcomes of campaigns pressing companies for transparency around their political expenditures. The project has already collected a database of protests against S&P 500 companies over more than a decade, in addition to data on shareholder activism and companies’ political transparency. During his time at CASBS, Walker will carry out analyses of which firms are most likely to be targeted for pro-transparency campaigns and also which will make voluntary reforms. The project will have implications for corporate politics in the post-Citizens United era.
Walker’s prior work has been devoted to understanding how protest repertoires intersect with institutional processes, and how industry actors co-opt movement structures to facilitate contentious practices of their own. These themes were initiated in his early papers in the American Sociological Review and American Journal of Sociology, and developed further especially in his book Grassroots for Hire: Public Affairs Consultants in American Democracy (Cambridge UP, 2014, winner of the Charles Tilly Award). He has also been interested in the changing politics of public participation, as developed in his volume Democratizing Inequalities (NYU Press, 2015, with Lee and McQuarrie). Most recently, he has studied the anti-fracking movement and industry responses to it, including his 2015 American Sociological Review paper (winner of two best paper awards from the American Sociological Association). His media commentaries have appeared in the New York Times, Washington Post, CSPAN Book TV, and other outlets.
Walker is Professor of sociology at the University of California, Los Angeles and a former RWJF Scholar in Health Policy Research at the University of Michigan.