Paul Brest is Former Dean and Professor Emeritus (active), at Stanford Law School, a lecturer at the Stanford Graduate School of Business, a faculty co-director of the Stanford Center on Philanthropy and Civil Society, and co-director of the Stanford Law and Policy Lab. He was president of the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation from 2000-2012.
He is co-author of Money Well Spent: A Strategic Guide to Smart Philanthropy (Stanford University Press, 2018, 2nd ed.), Problem Solving, Decision Making, and Professional Judgment (Oxford University Press, 2010), and articles on constitutional law, philanthropy, and impact investing. His current courses include Problem Solving for Public Policy and Social Change, Advanced Topics in Philanthropy and Impact Investing, Accounting for the Unintended Consequences of Impact Investing, and Beyond Neoliberalism. He created the online interactive course, Essentials of Nonprofit Strategy on Stanford’s Lagunita platform and is the instructor in an online course, Essentials of Nonprofit Strategy, offered by Philanthropy University.
Brest is a fellow in the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and holds honorary degrees from Northwestern University School of Law and Swarthmore College. Before joining the Stanford Law School faculty in 1969, he clerked for Judge Bailey Aldrich of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit and Justice John M. Harlan of the U.S. Supreme Court, and did civil rights litigation with the NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund in Mississippi. Brest is a faculty fellow in 2018-19, and was a fellow at CASBS in 1983-84.
Public Affairs, Public Policy and Urban Studies
King County Government
During her year as research affiliate, Carrie Cihak will continue to co-lead CASBS’s Impact Evaluation Design Lab with fellow Jake Bowers and research affiliate Graham Gottlieb, thereby advancing evidence-informed policymaking practices that support sustained and meaningful collaboration between academic researchers and policymakers, including between Stanford University and King County. Cihak will also continue work to understand the science and evidence-base of belonging and develop strategies to enhance “civic muscle” in the Seattle region.
As Chief of Policy for the highest-ranking elected official of the 13th largest county in the United States, Cihak is responsible for identifying the highest priority policy areas and community outcomes for leadership focus and for developing and launching innovative solutions to issues that are complex, controversial and cross-sectoral. She is an architect of some of the administration’s key initiatives such as Best Starts for Kids and the County’s nationally-recognized work on equity and social justice. Prior to her work in Executive Constantine’s administration, Cihak served for eight years as a senior-level analyst for the King County Council and as lead staff for the King County Board of Health. She is trained as a PhD-level (ABD — University of Michigan) economist specializing in Japan, and served as staff economist on international trade and finance for President Clinton's Council of Economic Advisers. Cihak was a policy fellow at CASBS in 2017-18.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Robert Gibbons is Sloan Distinguished Professor of Management at Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s Sloan School of Management and professor in MIT’s department of economics. His research and teaching concern the design and performance of organized activities, especially “relational contracts” (informal agreements so rooted in the parties’ circumstances that they cannot be adjudicated by courts). Organized activities may occur not only within firms, but also between firms (e.g. supply relationships, alliances, joint ventures) or beyond firms (e.g. hospitals, schools, government agencies).
Since 2002, Gibbons has been co-principal investigator of MIT Sloan’s Program on Innovation in Markets and Organizations and founding director of the working group in organizational economics at the National Bureau of Economic Research. He is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and was co-editor (with John Roberts) of The Handbook of Organizational Economics(Princeton University Press, 2013) and a board member of the Citicorp Behavioral Science Research Council (1994-2000) and of the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences (2000-06).
Since 2016, Gibbons and Woody Powell (Stanford University) have co-run a summer institute at CASBS on organizations and their effectiveness. As research affiliates in 2018-19, they will engage interested fellows with summer scholars who return for short stints at CASBS. Gibbons was a CASBS fellow in 1994-95 and 2014-15.
Public Affairs, Public Policy and Urban Studies
Graham Gottlieb will dedicate his fellowship year to studying approaches to deepen the integration of behavioral science and federal-level public policy. One area of focus will be a comparative study of federal laboratory bureaucracies that generate and use new knowledge to improve societal well-being. Through this comparison, he will seek to identify organizational reforms, as well as new policy mechanisms, that could increase the ease with which outside knowledge, expertise, and funding can flow to the government specifically for the creation of behaviorally-informed policy.
A second area of focus will be identifying ways that federal technology policy can be used to extend the reach of behavioral science. Increasing efforts to incorporate more behavioral science into public policy underscore the need to make sure these theories and approaches are representative of the behaviors and lives of the populations that government agencies serve, particularly historically marginalized communities.
Gottlieb is a public policy practitioner who has spent the last ten years working at the intersection of behavioral science, technology, and policy. Most recently, he worked on digital inclusion issues at the United States Agency for International Development. Prior to serving at USAID, Gottlieb created the Behavioral Science and Assessment unit at Climate Central, a leading climate communications organization. Earlier, he worked for three years in the Obama White House and engaged in research on risk perception and environmental policy at the Center for Research on Environmental Decisions at Columbia University. He is a graduate of Princeton University.
David Grusky is a CASBS faculty fellow. His research addresses the changing structure of late-industrial inequality and takes on such topics as the role of market failure in explaining the takeoff in income inequality, recent trends in economic and social mobility, technology-based approaches to reducing poverty, the surprising persistence of extreme gender inequality, and new ways to improve the country’s infrastructure for monitoring poverty, inequality, and mobility. He is co-coordinating a project on equality with Raj Chetty.
At Stanford University, Grusky is Barbara Kimball Browning Professor in the School of Humanities and Sciences, professor of sociology, senior fellow of the Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research, Director of the Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality, and coeditor of Pathways Magazine. Grusky is a former CASBS fellow (class of 1991-92).
Daniel E. Ho, a faculty fellow at CASBS, will participate in CASBS’s evidence-based policymaking initiative, with a particular focus on facilitating rigorous collaborations between academics and government agencies.
Ho is the William Benjamin Scott and Luna M. Scott Professor of Law at Stanford Law School and Senior Fellow at the Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research. His scholarship centers on quantitative empirical legal studies, with a substantive focus on administrative law, antidiscrimination law, and courts. Most recently, he worked with the public health department in Seattle and King County to improve the accuracy and consistency of regulatory enforcement in a trial of a peer review program and developed a randomized policy evaluation of the effects of food sanitation disclosures on health outcomes. He received his J.D. from Yale Law School and his Ph.D. in political science from Harvard University.
Roberta Katz, a senior research scholar at CASBS, coordinates an interdisciplinary set of scholars who are examining the cultural norms and values of those born during and after the mid-1990s, an age group that has been denominated “Generation Z.” The research will look closely at the traits that define the Generation Z culture, both in and outside the United States, and at the historical trends that have influenced the enculturation of members of this group.
Katz holds a PhD in anthropology as well as a law degree, and was previously the General Counsel of McCaw Cellular Corporation (now AT&T Wireless) and then of Netscape Corporation. For the past thirteen years, she has served under Stanford University Presidents John Hennessy and Marc Tessier-Lavigne as the associate vice president for strategic planning at Stanford. She also served as President Tessier-Lavigne’s interim chief of staff until early 2017. Katz has been deeply involved in the facilitation of a variety of interdisciplinary research initiatives at Stanford, and she is a current member of the CASBS board of directors.
Robert Keohane is professor of international affairs at Princeton University. He is the author of After Hegemony: Cooperation and Discord in the World Political Economy (Princeton University Press, 1984/2005) and Power and Governance in a Partially Globalized World (Psychology Press, 2002). He is co-author (with Joseph S. Nye, Jr.) of Power and Interdependence (Pearson Higher Ed, 1977/2012), and (with Gary King and Sidney Verba) of Designing Social Inquiry (Princeton University Press, 1994). He has served as the editor of International Organization and as president of the International Studies Association and the American Political Science Association. He won the Grawemeyer Award for Ideas Improving World Order, 1989, the Johan Skytte Prize in Political Science, 2005, and the Balzan Prize in International Relations: History and Theory, 2017. He is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Philosophical Society, and the National Academy of Sciences. He is also a Corresponding Member of the British Academy.
His current work focused on the comparative and international politics of climate change. Keohane is a research affiliate at CASBS in 2018-19, and was a fellow in 1977-78, 1987-88 and 2004-05.
New York Times
John Markoff is currently researching a biography of Stewart Brand, the creator of the Whole Earth Catalog. A research affiliate at CASBS, Markoff will be participating in projects focusing on the future of work and artificial intelligence.
In 2017-18 he was Berggruen Fellow at CASBS. In 2017 he joined the Computer History Museum in Mountain View, California, as a staff historian. Previously he was a reporter at The New York Times, beginning in March 1988 as the paper’s national computer writer. He moved to Silicon Valley to write about technology in 1992. Prior to joining the Times, he worked for The San Francisco Examiner from 1985 to 1988. He reported for the New York Times Science Section from 2010 through 2015. He returned to the Business Section to cover Silicon Valley in 2016 and retired from the paper in December of 2016.
Markoff has written about technology and science since 1977. He reported on technology and the defense industry for The Pacific News Service in San Francisco from 1977 to 1981; he was a reporter at Infoworld from 1981 to 1983; he was the West Coast editor for Byte Magazine from 1984 to 1985 and wrote a column on personal computers for The San Jose Mercury from 1983 to 1985.
He has also been a lecturer at the University of California, Berkeley School of Journalism and an adjunct faculty member of the Stanford Graduate Program on Journalism.
The Times nominated him for a Pulitzer Prize in 1995, 1998 and 2000. The San Francisco Examiner nominated him for a Pulitzer in 1987. In 2005, with a group of Times reporters, he received the Loeb Award for business journalism. In 2007 he shared the Society of American Business Editors and Writers Breaking News award. In 2013 he was awarded a Pulitzer Prize in explanatory reporting as part of a New York Times project on labor and automation.
In 2007 he became a member of the International Media Council at the World Economic Forum. Also in 2007, he was named a fellow of the Society of Professional Journalists, the organization’s highest honor.
In June of 2010 the New York Times presented him with the Nathaniel Nash Award, which is given annually for foreign and business reporting.
Markoff is the co-author of The High Cost of High Tech, published in 1985 by Harper & Row. He wrote Cyberpunk: Outlaws and Hackers on the Computer Frontier with Katie Hafner, which was published in 1991 by Simon & Schuster. In January of 1996 Hyperion published "Takedown: The Pursuit and Capture of America's Most Wanted Computer Outlaw," which he co-authored with Tsutomu Shimomura. What the Dormouse Said: How the Sixties Counterculture shaped the Personal Computer Industry, was published in 2005 by Viking Books. Machines of Loving Grace: The Quest for Common Ground Between Humans and Robots, was published in August of 2015 by HarperCollins Ecco.
Born in Oakland, California, Markoff grew up in Palo Alto, California and graduated from Whitman College, Walla Walla, Washington, in 1971. He attended graduate school at the University of Oregon and received an MA in sociology in 1976.
Arnold Milstein, a CASBS faculty fellow, is a professor of medicine at Stanford University and directs the University’s Clinical Excellence Research Center. The Center engages faculty from health, computer, and social sciences in the discovery and replication of innovative health care delivery methods that safely lower per capita health care spending for excellent care.
Before joining Stanford’s faculty, his career of applied research spanned private and public sector healthcare delivery and policy. After creating a healthcare performance improvement firm that he expanded globally following its acquisition by Mercer, he co-founded three nationally influential public benefit initiatives, the Leapfrog Group in partnership with the Business Roundtable in 1998, and the Consumer Purchaser Alliance in 2001. Appointed to consecutive term as a Congressional MedPAC Commissioner, he originated two subsequently enacted legislative changes to improve the value of healthcare. He was a founding staff member and serves as the Medical Director of the Pacific Business Group on Health (PBGH), the largest employer-led regional healthcare improvement coalition in the U.S.
Citing his national impact on innovation in health care policy and delivery methods, he was selected for the highest annual award of both the National Business Group on Health (NBGH) and of the American College of Medical Quality. Elected to the Institute of Medicine (now, NAM) of the National Academy of Sciences, he chaired the planning committee of its workshop series on best methods to lower per capita health care spending and improve clinical outcomes. He was educated at Harvard University (BA in economics), Tufts University (MD) and the University of California, Berkeley (MPH in Healthcare Evaluation).
Josiah Ober (CASBS fellow, 2004–05 and CASBS board member, 2014-17) is returning as a faculty fellow in 2018-19. Ober holds the Constantine Mitsotakis Chair in the School of Humanities and Sciences at Stanford University, where he divides his time and academic appointment between the departments of classics and political science. He teaches courses on topics conjoining history, classical philosophy, and political theory, institutions, values, and practices.
Before coming to Stanford, Ober taught at Princeton University (1990-2006) and at Montana State University (1980-1990). His academic work focuses on the history, theory, and practice of self-governing organizations (ancient and modern), on the circulation of social and technical knowledge in democratic societies, and on the interplay between political philosophy and culture. He is author of a number of books, including, recently, Demopolis: Democracy before Liberalism in Theory and Practice (Cambridge University Press, 2017), The Rise and Fall of Classical Greece (Princeton University Press, 2015), and Democracy and Knowledge: Innovation and Learning in Classical Athens (Princeton University Press, 2008). His books have been translated into French, German, Greek, Spanish, Italian, Turkish, and Chinese.
He is currently working on a book on “deliberation, strategy, and choice in ancient Greek social thought,” and on a project on ancient and modern urbanization and economic development. A recent interview, focusing on his work on democratic theory, can be found here: https://blog.lareviewofbooks.org/interviews/makes-democracy-intrinsically-valuable-talking-josiah-ober/
Sarah Ogilvie, a research affiliate at CASBS, is Senior Research Fellow at the University of Oxford. She is a linguist, lexicographer, and computer scientist who works at the intersection of technology and the social sciences. She is director of the Dictionary Lab at Oxford and her books include Words of the World: A Global History of the OED and Keeping Languages Alive(Cambridge University Press, 2012). Before Oxford, she taught linguistics at Stanford and Cambridge Universities, and worked at Amazon's innovation lab in Silicon Valley.
Ogilvie’s research at CASBS focuses on the language, cultural norms, and values of those born during and after the mid-1990s, an age group that has been called “Generation Z” or the “iGeneration”. The iGen Project is hosted by CASBS and funded by the Knight Foundation. Its interdisciplinary research team comprises Sarah Ogilvie, Roberta Katz, Linda Woodhead, and Jane Shaw. Ogilvie was a Berggruen fellow at CASBS in 2017-18.
For more information, visit her webpage: http://www.hmc.ox.ac.uk/people/dr-sarah-ogilvie/
Nate Persily’s scholarship focuses on voting rights, political parties, campaign finance, redistricting, and election administration. His current work, for which he has been honored as an Andrew Carnegie and CASBS fellow (class of 2017-18), examines the impact of changing technology on political communication, campaigns, and election administration. He is currently writing a book expanding on the subject he explored in a recent article in the Journal of Democracy, “Can Democracy Survive the Internet?” In addition, he currently co-chairs (with Harvard professor and CASBS board of directors member Gary King) a commission to examine the impact of social media on democracy by providing Facebook data, in a secure, privacy-protected format, to social scientists around the world.
Persily is the James B. McClatchy Professor of Law at Stanford Law School, with appointments in the departments of political science and communication. He is co-author of the leading election law casebook, The Law of Democracy (Foundation Press, 2016). He has served as a special master or court-appointed expert to craft legislative districting plans for many states, as the Senior Research Director for the Presidential Commission on Election Administration, and currently on a panel of the National Academy of Sciences evaluating the state of U.S. voting technology. He received a BA/MA in political science from Yale University, a JD from Stanford University where he was president of the Stanford Law Review, and a PhD in political science from the University of California, Berkeley.
Woody Powell is professor of education (and) sociology, organizational behavior, management science and engineering, and communication at Stanford University. He has been a faculty co-director of the Stanford Center on Philanthropy and Civil Society since it was founded in 2006. He is also Centennial Professor of Sociology at the London School of Economics, and Lewis A. Coser Visiting Professor at the Hertie School of Governance in Berlin. Prior to moving to Stanford in 1999, Powell taught at Stony Brook, Yale, MIT, and the University of Arizona. He has received honorary degrees from Uppsala University, Copenhagen Business School, and Aalto University, and is a foreign member of the Swedish Royal Academy of Science. He has served on the board of directors of the Social Science Research Council since 2000, and was an external faculty member of the Santa Fe Institute from 2001-13. His interests focus on the processes through which ideas and practices move across organizations, and the role of networks in facilitating or hindering the transfer of ideas.
Powell is a CASBS faculty fellow in 2018-19, and was a fellow at CASBS in 1986-87 and 2008-09. He directs, with Bob Gibbons, the CASBS summer institute on organizations and their effectiveness.
Jane Shaw is a modern historian at the University of Oxford, where she is Principal of Harris Manchester College. Her research interests are in the areas of modern religion, the arts, and the impact of technology on society. She is the author of several books including Miracles in Enlightenment England (Yale University Press, 2006) and Octavia, Daughter of God: The Story of Female Messiah and her Followers (Yale University Press, 2011).
She is a member of two research teams at CASBS: (1) The New Moral Economy and Artificial Intelligence. She is especially looking at the interplay between AI and religion. The other members of the interdisciplinary research team are Margaret Levi, Mariano-Florentino Cuéllar, Roberta Katz, and John Markoff.
(2) The iGen Project, funded by the Knight Foundation, on the language, cultural norms, and values of those born during and after the mid-1990s, an age group that has been called “Generation Z” or the “iGeneration”. The other members of the interdisciplinary research team are Sarah Ogilvie, Roberta Katz, and Linda Woodhead.
Abraham Verghese, a CASBS faculty fellow, launched the Stanford Presence Center to focus on the human connection in medicine. Housed within the Stanford School of Medicine, Presence seeks to add the social science dimensions to a multidisciplinary focus on balancing high touch and high tech for the equitable and inclusive experience of medicine. Their research aims include: understanding the human experience of patients, physicians and caregivers and how it relates to medical error and outcomes; and how to leverage technology for the human experience of medicine. Through collaboration with CASBS fellows, Presence explores these issues using insights from sociology, psychology, political science, organizational economics, and other disciplines that historically have honed their cutting edge at CASBS.
Verghese’s career combines the roles of physician, teacher, and author with frequent bylines in newspapers and magazines across the world. A highly sought after public speaker, Verghese is also a regular focus of attention in media — both medical and general — ranging from National Public Radio, the New England Journal of Medicine, and the New York Times to The Guardian and The Times of India. He is the author of the critically acclaimed novel Cutting for Stone (Knopf, 2009).
At Stanford’s School of Medicine, Verghese is the Linda R. Meier and Joan F. Lane Provostial Professor, and Vice Chair for the Theory and Practice of Medicine. He is a physician trained in internal medicine and infectious diseases. He was elected to the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies, and in September 2016, Verghese received the National Humanities Medal from then President Obama.