University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign
As a research affiliate in 2021-22, Jake Bowers will continue working on the CASBS Causal Inference for Social Impact Lab (CISIL). CISIL aims to improve causal evaluation of public policies. Bowers is an associate professor of political science and statistics at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He was a fellow with the White House Social and Behavioral Sciences Team, a fellow with the Office of Evaluation Sciences, and a senior scientist with the Brown Policy Lab. He is methods director for the Evidence in Government and Politics network and co-founder of Research4Impact. His research in applied statistics and political methodology focuses on questions about statistical inference for causal effects in both randomized field experiments and observational studies. Bowers was a CASBS fellow in 2018-19 and a research affiliate since 2017-18.
Visit the following website for more information about his work: http://jakebowers.org
Paul Brest is former dean and professor emeritus (active) at Stanford Law School, a lecturer at the Stanford Graduate School of Business, faculty director of the Effective Philanthropy Learning Initiative at the Stanford Center on Philanthropy and Civil Society, and co-director of the Stanford Law and Policy Lab. He was president of the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation from 2000 to 2012.
He is co-author of Money Well Spent: A Strategic Guide to Smart Philanthropy (Stanford University Press, 2018, 2nd ed.), Problem Solving, Decision Making, and Professional Judgment (Oxford University Press, 2010), and articles on constitutional law, philanthropy, and impact investing. His current courses include Problem Solving for Public Policy and Social Change and Advanced Topics in Philanthropy and Impact Investing. He created the online interactive course, Essentials of Nonprofit Strategy, on Stanford’s Lagunita platform and is the instructor in an online course, Essentials of Nonprofit Strategy, offered by Philanthropy University.
Brest is a fellow in the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and holds honorary degrees from Northwestern University School of Law and Swarthmore College. Before joining the Stanford Law School faculty in 1969, he clerked for Judge Bailey Aldrich of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit and Justice John M. Harlan of the U.S. Supreme Court, and did civil rights litigation with the NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund in Mississippi. Brest is a faculty fellow in 2020-21. He was a fellow in 1983-84, and has been a faculty fellow since 2018-19.
Public Affairs, Public Policy and Urban Studies
King County Government
During her year as research affiliate, Carrie Cihak will continue to co-lead CASBS’s Causal Inference for Social Impact Lab (CISIL) with research affiliate Jake Bowers, thereby advancing evidence-informed policymaking practices that support sustained and meaningful collaboration between academic researchers and policymakers, including between Stanford University and King County.
Cihak currently leads evidence-informed practice and partnerships for King County Metro, one of the largest transit agencies in the United States, guiding a focus on mobility outcomes and impact, particularly for low-income populations. This past year, she was also detailed to support the county’s COVID-19 response. Cihak served for eight years as Chief of Policy for the King County Executive, responsible for identifying the highest priority policy areas and community outcomes for leadership focus and for developing and launching innovative solutions to issues that are complex, controversial and cross-sectoral. Cihak is architect of some of the administration’s key initiatives such as Best Starts for Kids and served as sponsor for the county’s nationally-recognized work on equity and social justice. Prior to her work in Executive Constantine’s administration, Cihak served for eight years as a senior-level analyst for the King County Council and as lead staff for the King County Board of Health. Cihak is trained as a PhD-level (ABD—University of Michigan) economist specializing in Japan, and served as staff economist on international trade and finance for President Clinton’s Council of Economic Advisers. Cihak serves as a Local Government Fellow with Results for America, was a policy fellow at CASBS in 2017-18, and a research affiliate since 2018-19.
Shelley Correll is a member of the CASBS project “Addressing Sexual Violence Through Institutional Courage.” Her research in this area seeks to understand how the actions of organizational leaders can reduce sexual violence in their organizations. More generally, Correll’s research is focused on identifying and reducing the biases and barriers to gender equality in professional work. She is currently conducting research in partnership with several technology and other high-status companies (https://womensleadership.stanford.edu/corporate/members) to evaluate interventions designed to promote “small wins” that can be leveraged to produced large scale improvements in organizational inclusion and gender and other forms of diversity (Reducing gender biases in modern workplaces: A small wins approach to organizational change. and https://womensleadership.stanford.edu/research).
At Stanford, Correll is the Michelle Mercer and Bruce Golden Family Professor of Women’s Leadership, professor of sociology, professor of organizational behavior (by courtesy), director of the Stanford VMware Women’s Leadership Lab, and a member of the design team for the Social X-Change Initiative, an initiative dedicated to creating pathways from social science research to social impact.
Correll was a CASBS fellow in 2015-16, and has been a faculty fellow since 2019-20.
Johns Hopkins University
As a research affiliate at CASBS in 2021-22, Henry Farrell will be working with Margaret Levi on an edited special issue of Daedalus on moral political economy, and a shorter piece with Marion Fourcade contributing to the special issue.
Farrell is the Stavros Niarchos Foundation Agora Professor of International Affairs at Johns Hopkins University. His research currently focuses on two main topics. First, he is interested in the informational aspects of democracy. How can we think about democracy as an information system? How can democracy best capture the latent information among its population and put it to good use? What kinds of shared beliefs do we need for democracy to be stable? Under what circumstances can democracy best harness group cognitive diversity? He is collaborating on various projects with Hugo Mercier, Bruce Schneier, Melissa Schwartzberg and Cosma Shalizi investigating these questions. His second major project, with Abraham Newman, looks at “weaponized interdependence,” the use of global networks such as the Internet, global financial networks (financial messaging and dollar clearing) and supply chains for targeted state-to-state coercion.
Estelle Freedman’s current research project expands upon the legal approach in her book Redefining Rape: Sexual Violence in the Era of Suffrage and Segregation (Harvard University Press, 2013), by exploring digitized oral history collections as sources for understanding personal narratives of assault, rape, and harassment in the twentieth-century U.S. She is working on methodological and historical essays interpreting sexual memories, sexual silences, and the changing language of sexual trauma across diverse groups of narrators.
Freedman’s past scholarship has focused on the histories of women, sexuality, feminism, and social movements. In addition to two books on the history of women’s prison reform in the U.S., she is the author of No Turning Back: The History of Feminism and the Future of Women (Ballantine Books, 2002) and the co-author (with John D'Emilio) of Intimate Matters: A History of Sexuality in America (3d edition, University of Chicago Press, 2012), and the editor of The Essential Feminist Reader (Modern Library, 2007). She earned her BA at Barnard College, and MA and PhD degrees in U.S. history at Columbia University.
Freedman holds the Edgar E. Robinson chair (Emerit) in U.S. history at Stanford, where she co-founded the Program in Feminist, Gender, and Sexuality Studies. She has been a CASBS faculty fellow since 2020, participating as a member in the CASBS project “Addressing Sexual Violence Through Institutional Courage,” and was a fellow at CASBS in 2009-10 and 2018-19.
For more information, you can find her CV at http://ebf.stanford.edu/cv.html
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Robert Gibbons is Sloan Distinguished Professor of Management at Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s Sloan School of Management and professor in MIT’s department of economics. His research and teaching concern the design and performance of organized activities, especially “relational contracts” (informal agreements so rooted in the parties’ circumstances that they cannot be adjudicated by courts). Organized activities may occur not only within firms, but also between firms (e.g. supply relationships, alliances, joint ventures) or beyond firms (e.g. hospitals, schools, government agencies).
Since 2002, Gibbons has been co-principal investigator of MIT Sloan’s Program on Innovation in Markets and Organizations and founding director of the working group in organizational economics at the National Bureau of Economic Research. He is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and was co-editor (with John Roberts) of The Handbook of Organizational Economics (Princeton University Press, 2013) and a board member of the Citicorp Behavioral Science Research Council (1994-2000) and of the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences (2000-06).
During 2016-19, Gibbons and Woody Powell (Stanford University) co-ran a sequence of summer institutes at CASBS on organizations and their effectiveness. During Covid, they held virtual convocations integrating these four cohorts of summer scholars. In 2021-22, they will engage interested fellows with summer scholars who return for short stints at CASBS. Gibbons is a research affiliate and was a CASBS fellow in 1994-95 and 2014-15.
Steven Goodman, MD, MHS, PhD, is associate dean for clinical and translational research and professor of epidemiology & population health and of medicine at the Stanford University School of Medicine. He directs the Stanford Program on Research Rigor and Reproducibility (SPORR), a program to teach and incentivize the adoption of best scientific practices throughout the Stanford School of Medicine. He is co-founder and co-director of the Meta-research Innovation Center at Stanford (METRICS), a group dedicated to studying and improving the reproducibility and efficiency of biomedical research. He also leads a variety of training programs in epidemiology and clinical research. His research area is in scientific and statistical inference, with connections to policy and ethics.
Outside of Stanford, Goodman serves as chair of the PCORI Methodology Committee, senior statistical editor at the Annals of Internal Medicine, and is scientific advisor to the national Blue Cross-Blue Shield technology assessment program. He has participated in over a dozen committees and workshops of the National Academies of Science. He was awarded the 2016 Spinoza Chair in Medicine from the University of Amsterdam for his work in inference, the 2019 Lilienfeld award from the American College of Epidemiology for his contributions to the field of epidemiology, and in 2020 was elected to the National Academy of Medicine.
As a faculty fellow in 2021-22, Deborah M. Gordon will join the CASBS program “Humans, Nature, and Machines.” Gordon’s research is on collective behavior in ant colonies and other natural systems that operate without central control, using local interactions among participants to allow groups to respond to changing conditions. An ecological perspective on collective behavior examines how collective behavior adjusts to changing environments. Ant colonies function collectively, and the enormous diversity of more than 14K species of ants, in different habitats, provides opportunities to look for general ecological patterns in the evolution of collective behavior. Gordon’s long-term study of the demography and behavior of a population of colonies in New Mexico shows how natural selection is shaping the collective behavior that regulates foraging in response to water stress.
Gordon is professor of biology at Stanford University. She is the author of Ants at Work (2000, W. W. Norton & Company), and Ant Encounters: Interaction Networks and Colony Behavior (2010, Princeton University Press, Primers in Complex Systems), both written during fellowships at CASBS, and a forthcoming book, The Ecology of Collective Behavior (Princeton University Press). Gordon was a CASBS fellow in 1997-98, 2001-02, and 2009-10.
For more information, please visit her lab website: http://www.stanford.edu/~dmgordon/
David Grusky’s research addresses the changing structure of late-industrial inequality and takes on such topics as the role of market failure in explaining income inequality, recent trends in economic and social mobility, the surprising persistence of extreme gender inequality, and new ways to improve the country’s infrastructure for monitoring poverty, inequality, and mobility.
At Stanford University, Grusky is the Edward Ames Edmonds Professor in the School of Humanities and Sciences, professor of sociology, senior fellow of the Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research, faculty fellow of the Center for Population Health Sciences, director of the Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality, and coeditor of Pathways Magazine. Grusky is a former CASBS fellow (class of 1991-92) and has been a faculty fellow since 2017-18.
During his year as a research affiliate, James Guszcza plans to write a book on the philosophical foundations of human-centered artificial intelligence, drawing on ideas from psychology, human-centered design, collective intelligence, and ethics. The motivating idea is that enjoying the promise of AI while avoiding its many well-publicized pitfalls will require a foundation for AI that extends beyond computer science and machine learning to encompass various types of human factors.
Guszcza has worked as data scientist for two decades and is the first person to be designated Deloitte’s U.S. Chief Data Scientist. The creation of hybrid human-machine systems has been a recurring theme in his work. In recent years, he has applied behavioral nudge techniques to more ethically and effectively operationalize machine learning algorithms. Guszcza is a former professor at the University of Wisconsin-Madison business school and holds a PhD in philosophy from The University of Chicago. He serves on the scientific advisory board of the Psychology of Technology Institute. Guszcza was a CASBS fellow in 2020-21.
Michael J. Hiscox will be working on the “Future of Capitalism” initiative. He plans to spend the year examining the ways businesses are responding to new and growing pressures to do good (by improving environmental and social outcomes) at the same time as they do well (by making profits and increasing shareholder value). Firms are now expected to earn a “social license to operate” and play a role in helping communities address issues as diverse as climate change, human rights, poverty, discrimination, and privacy in ways not required by formal government regulations. Many leading companies and new social enterprises are targeting a “triple bottom line” and building sustainability and accountability into their core business models. The research at CASBS will examine when and how firms that do good can also do well.
Hiscox is the Clarence Dillon Professor of International Affairs in the department of government, Harvard University. At Harvard he is the founding director of the Sustainability, Transparency, Accountability Research (STAR) Lab and a faculty member of the Behavioral Insights Group at Harvard’s Center for Public Leadership. He is also a faculty associate at the Institute for Quantitative Social Science, the Weatherhead Center for International Affairs, and the Harvard University Center for the Environment. While on leave from Harvard between 2015 and 2017, Hiscox was the founding director of the Behavioural Economics Team (BETA) in the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Australian Government. He continues to serve as an adviser to BETA.
His past research has examined international trade and immigration policy, economic development, global supply chains, corporate responsibility and sustainability initiatives, and policies addressing economic, social, and public health issues in several countries. In recent years, working with governments, non-profit organizations, and corporations, he has designed and implemented randomized trials to evaluate a wide range of government policies, company initiatives, and programs administered by non-profit organizations in the United States, Australia, Singapore, Indonesia, Ghana, and Cote d’Ivoire.
Hiscox is a research affiliate and was a Berggruen fellow at CASBS in 2019-20.
Daniel E. Ho is the William Benjamin Scott and Luna M. Scott Professor of Law, Professor of Political Science, and Senior Fellow at the Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research at Stanford University. His scholarship centers on quantitative empirical legal studies, with a substantive focus on administrative law, regulatory policy, antidiscrimination law, and courts. He received his JD from Yale Law School and PhD in political science from Harvard University and clerked for Judge Stephen F. Williams on the U.S. Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit. Ho served as president for the Society of Empirical Legal Studies (2011-12), and as co-editor of the Journal of Law, Economics, & Organization (2013-16). He is associate director of Stanford’s Institute for Human-Centered Artificial Intelligence and directs the Regulation, Evaluation, and Governance Lab (RegLab) at Stanford. Ho has been a faculty fellow at CASBS since 2017-18.
Robert Jackson is an Earth and environmental scientist (jacksonlab.stanford.edu). At CASBS, he plans to analyze relationships of energy use with environmental, economic, and health-related outcomes, including life expectancy, infant mortality, pollution, happiness, diet, and more.
Jackson is the Douglas Provostial Professor at Stanford University. He and his lab study the many ways people affect the Earth. They are currently examining the effects of climate change and droughts on forest mortality and grassland ecosystems. They are also working to measure and reduce greenhouse gas emissions through the Global Carbon Project (https://www.globalcarbonproject.org/), which Jackson chairs. Examples of new activities include establishing a global network of methane tower measurements at more than 60 sites worldwide and measuring and reducing methane emissions from oil and gas wells, city streets, and homes and buildings.
As an author and photographer, Jackson has published a trade book about the environment (The Earth Remains Forever, University of Texas Press, 2002), two books of children’s poems, Animal Mischief (Boyds Mills Press, 2006) and Weekend Mischief (Highlights Magazine, 2010), and recent poems in the literary journals such as Southwest Review, Cortland Review, Cold Mountain Review, Atlanta Review, and LitHub. He hopes to complete a new poetry volume about the environment during his time at CASBS. His photographs have appeared in many media outlets, including the NY Times, Washington Post, USA Today, and National Geographic News. Jackson is a faculty fellow and was a fellow in 2019-20.
Saumitra Jha does research on economic, financial and organizational approaches to mitigating political polarization and violent conflict. An economist by training, his work combines formal theory, qualitative fieldwork, natural experiments in history and contemporary field experiments. He is currently working on three research themes. These include examining how financial innovations and trading opportunities mitigate or exacerbate conflict; how the strategy of nonviolent protest works and why it often also fails; and studying how networks of influential individuals, forged from war-time experiences, can undermine or rebuild democratic freedoms.
Jha is an associate professor of political economy at Stanford’s Graduate School of Business, a senior fellow at the Freeman-Spogli Institute for International Affairs and convenes the Stanford Conflict and Polarization Lab.
Jha’s research has been published in leading journals in both economics and political science, including Econometrica, the Quarterly Journal of Economics, the American Political Science Review and the Journal of Development Economics. His research on ethnic tolerance has been recognized with the Michael Wallerstein Award for best published article in political economy from the American Political Science Association and his co-authored work on heroic networks received the Oliver Williamson Award for best paper by the Society for Institutional and Organizational Economics. Jha was also honored to receive the Teacher of the Year Award, voted by the students of the Stanford GSB Sloan Fellows Program. He was a fellow in 2020-21 and is a current faculty fellow, participating in the Center’s Causal Inference for Social Impact Lab.
For more information, please visit his website: https://saumitra.people.stanford.edu/
James Holland Jones is an associate professor of earth system science and a senior fellow at the Woods Institute for the Environment at Stanford University. Originally trained as an anthropologist, he has additional training and expertise in demography, statistics, and epidemiology. Jones works on a variety of projects relating to human decision-making and population phenomena, including the analysis of livelihood-based changes in mobility in response to climate change and their implications for the transmission dynamics of sexually-transmitted infections, the coupled dynamics of behavior-change and COVID-19 transmission, the role of dynamic exchange networks in managing environmental risks among subsistence populations, the reconstruction of prehistoric demographic patterns and how these inform debates about climate-mediated collapse, and the impact of structural racism on epidemic outcomes.
Jones also has a broad interest in the intersection of evolutionary and economic theory, which served as the foundation for his CASBS fellowship in 2015-16. Having taken a hiatus on the book project to develop more basic theory on the subject, he is back to working on The Most Rational People in the World.
He teaches classes, both within Stanford Earth and for Human Biology, such as “Global Change and Emerging Infectious Disease,” “Biological and Social Networks,” “Demography and Life History Theory,” and “Adaptation.” He also teaches a freshman seminar that goes by the same name as his book project, “The Most Rational People in the World.” Along with his wife, Libra Hilde (CASBS class of 2017-18), he is a resident fellow at Castaño House.
As a faculty fellow an 2020-21, Jones will co-lead the new program on nature-human-machine partnerships. He hopes to bring not only his interest in evolving coupled-socio-ecological systems but his obsession with CliFi to this task (https://theinterval.org/salon-talks/02019/jan/29/science-climate-fiction-jones-clifi).
For more information, please find his website at: https://heeh.stanford.edu
Roberta Katz, vice-chair of the CASBS board of directors and a senior research scholar at CASBS, coordinates an interdisciplinary set of scholars who have been examining the cultural norms and values of those born during and after the mid-1990s, an age group that has been denominated “Generation Z.” The research, which has looked closely at the traits that define the Generation Z culture in the U.K. and U.S. as well as at the historical trends that have influenced that culture, is the subject of a forthcoming book entitled “Gen Z, Explained: The Art of Living in a Digital Age.”
Katz holds a PhD in anthropology as well as a law degree, and was previously the General Counsel of McCaw Cellular Corporation (now AT&T Wireless) and then of Netscape Corporation. For thirteen years, she served under Stanford University Presidents John Hennessy and Marc Tessier-Lavigne as the associate vice president for strategic planning at Stanford. She also served as President Tessier-Lavigne’s interim chief of staff until early 2017. Katz has been deeply involved in the facilitation of a variety of interdisciplinary research initiatives at Stanford, and she is a current member of the CASBS board of directors. She is also currently chair of the board of the Exploratorium, a science museum in San Francisco.
Robert O. Keohane is professor of international affairs, emeritus at Woodrow Wilson School, Princeton University. He is the author of After Hegemony: Cooperation and Discord in the World Political Economy (Princeton University Press, 1984/2005) and Power and Governance in a Partially Globalized World (Psychology Press, 2002). He is co-author (with Joseph S. Nye, Jr.) of Power and Interdependence (Pearson Higher Ed, 1977/2012), and (with Gary King and Sidney Verba) of Designing Social Inquiry (Princeton University Press, 1994). He has served as the editor of International Organization and as president of the International Studies Association and the American Political Science Association. He won the Grawemeyer Award for Ideas Improving World Order, 1989, and the Johan Skytte Prize in Political Science, 2005. He is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Philosophical Society, and the National Academy of Sciences; he is a corresponding member of the British Academy.
Keohane has been a research affiliate at CASBS since 2018-19, working on the politics of climate change. He was a fellow in 1977-78, 1987-88 and 2004-05.
Indiana University Bloomington
Mary C. Murphy is the founding director of the first CASBS Summer Institute on Diversity (coming summer 2022). She will spend the year fundraising, developing, and implementing the Institute. The CASBS Summer Institute will engage in field building around social scientific investigation of when, how, and why difference makes a difference and will develop an on-going collaboration and support network of early career and established scholars from backgrounds underrepresented in higher education. Murphy is also completing a book, Cultures of Growth, contracted with Simon & Shuster, that describes her 10 years of research on reconstruing mindset as a cultural feature of mainstream settings such as organizational and educational settings. She shows how these organizational mindsets shape people’s motivation, engagement, behavior, and performance; companies’ and schools’ culture and organizational performance; and the diversity, equity, and inclusion of organizational and educational settings.
Murphy is the Herman B. Wells Endowed Professor of Psychological and Brain Sciences at Indiana University. She is a co-founder of the College Transition Collaborative, a research-practice partnership housed at Stanford University dedicated to equity, growth, and belonging in higher education. In the area of organizations and tech, her research examines barriers and solutions for increasing gender and racial diversity and inclusion in STEM fields. In 2019, Murphy was awarded the 2019 Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE), the highest award bestowed on early career scholars by the U.S. Government. Murphy was a CASBS fellow in 2015-16 and is a research affiliate in 2021-22.
Josiah Ober holds the Constantine Mitsotakis Chair in the School of Humanities and Sciences at Stanford University, where he divides his time and academic appointment between the departments of classics and political science. He teaches courses on topics conjoining history, classical philosophy, and political theory, institutions, values, and practices.
Before coming to Stanford, Ober taught at Princeton University (1990-2006) and at Montana State University (1980-1990). His academic work focuses on the history, theory, and practice of self-governing organizations (ancient and modern), on the circulation of social and technical knowledge in democratic societies, and on the interplay between political philosophy and culture. He is author of a number of books, including, recently, Demopolis: Democracy before Liberalism in Theory and Practice (Cambridge University Press, 2017), The Rise and Fall of Classical Greece (Princeton University Press, 2015), and Democracy and Knowledge: Innovation and Learning in Classical Athens (Princeton University Press, 2008). His books have been translated into French, German, Greek, Spanish, Italian, Turkish, and Chinese.
He is currently working on a book on “deliberation, strategy, and choice in ancient Greek social thought,” and on a project on ancient and modern urbanization and economic development. A recent interview, focusing on his work on democratic theory, can be found here: https://blog.lareviewofbooks.org/interviews/makes-democracy-intrinsically-valuable-talking-josiah-ober/
Ober has been a faculty fellow since 2017-18. He was a fellow in 2004-05, and a CASBS board of directors member from 2014-17.
Nate Persily’s scholarship focuses on voting rights, political parties, campaign finance, redistricting, and election administration. His current work, for which he has been honored as an Andrew Carnegie, Guggenheim, and CASBS fellow (class of 2017-18), examines the impact of changing technology on political communication, campaigns, and election administration. He is currently writing a book expanding on the subject he explored in a recent article in the Journal of Democracy, “Can Democracy Survive the Internet?”
Persily is the James B. McClatchy Professor of Law at Stanford Law School, with appointments in the departments of political science, communication, and FSI. He also is the founding co-director of the Stanford Cyber Policy Center and (with Frank Fukuyama) the Project on Democracy and the Internet. He also serves on the Kofi Annan Commission on Elections and Democracy in the Digital Age and wasco-founder of Social Science One (with Harvard professor and CASBS board of directors member Gary King), an international effort to examine the impact of social media on democracy by providing Facebook data, in a secure, privacy-protected format, to social scientists around the world. . He is co-author of the leading election law casebook, The Law of Democracy (Foundation Press, 2016). He has served as a special master or court-appointed expert to craft legislative districting plans for many states and localities, as the senior research director for the Presidential Commission on Election Administration, and on a panel of the National Academy of Sciences evaluating the state of U.S. voting technology. He received a BA/MA in political science from Yale University, a JD from Stanford University where he was president of the Stanford Law Review, and a PhD in political science from the University of California, Berkeley. He is also a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Persily is also co-director of the Stanford-MIT Healthy Elections Project (HealthyElections.Org), which worked with election officials to adapt the infrastructure of the 2020 election to deal with the COVID-19 pandemic.
Woody Powell is Jacks Family Professor of Education, and Professor of Sociology, Organizational Behavior, Management Science and Engineering, and Communication at Stanford University. He was a founding co-director of the Stanford Center on Philanthropy and Civil Society in 2006. He was the 2018-19 recipient of the Dean’s Award for Excellence in Graduate Teaching in the School of Humanities and Sciences. His most recent books include The Emergence of Organizations and Markets, with John F. Padgett (Princeton University Press, 2012) and The Nonprofit Sector, co-edited with Patricia Bromley (Stanford University Press, 2020). His research interests focus on the processes through which ideas and practices are transferred across organizations, and the role of networks in facilitating or hindering innovation.
Powell has been a faculty fellow since 2017-18, and was a fellow at CASBS in 1986-87 and 2008-09. He directs, with Bob Gibbons, the CASBS summer institute on organizations and their effectiveness, which has run annually since 2016.
Debra Satz, the Marta Sutton Weeks Professor of Ethics in Society, is the dean of the Humanities and Sciences at Stanford University. She earned a bachelor’s degree from City College of New York and a doctorate in philosophy from Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Her research focuses on the ethical limits of markets; the place of equality in a just society; ethics, economics and public policy, particularly questions around education. She is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
In 2004, Satz received the Walter J. Gores Award, Stanford’s highest teaching honor. She was awarded the Roland Prize in 2010 for faculty volunteer service. She also co-founded the Hope House Scholars Program, which pairs volunteer faculty with undergraduates to teach liberal arts courses to residents of a drug and alcohol treatment facility for women.
Her books include Why Some Things Should Not Be for Sale: The Moral Limits of Markets (Oxford University Press, 2010); and Economic Analysis, Moral Philosophy and Public Policy (with Dan Hausman and Michael McPherson, Cambridge University Press, 2017), as well as several edited volumes. Her papers have been published in the Journal of Philosophy, Philosophy and Public Affairs, Ethics, The World Bank Economic Review and Ambio, among other journals.
Satz is a faculty fellow and member of the “Creating a New Moral Political Economy” project. She was a fellow at CASBS in 2017-18.
Cognitive and Information Sciences
University of California, Merced
As a research affiliate at CASBS, Paul Smaldino will continue working on the Human, Nature and Machines program with James Holland Jones. This project involves using computational models to understand the adaptive and maladaptive nature of social learning strategies to acquire information in an uncertain and changing world. Smaldino is an associate professor of cognitive and information sciences at the University of California, Merced. He has broad interests related to cultural evolution, cooperation, and complex systems. His research involves the development and testing of mathematical and computational models to understand how behaviors emerge and evolve in response to social, cultural, and ecological pressures, as well as how those pressures themselves evolve.
You can find more information on his website: http://www.smaldino.com.
As a research affiliate at CASBS, Allison Stanger will be working on a book tentatively titled Who Elected Big Tech? She will also co-lead (with James Guszcza) the Theory of AI Practice Initiative. A general theme in her work is the impact of technological innovation on democracy’s sustainability and the blinders that our existing theoretical paradigms for thinking about global markets and national governance may have imposed on what we see and value. She is also interested in the role of free expression in both anti-racist liberal education and democratic accountability.
Stanger is the Russell Leng ’60 Professor of International Politics and Economics at Middlebury College, and an external professor and member of the Science Board at the Santa Fe Institute. She is the author of Whistleblowers: Honesty in America from Washington to Trump (Yale University Press, 2019) and One Nation Under Contract: The Outsourcing of American Power and the Future of Foreign Policy (Yale University Press, 2009). She is the co-editor (with W. Brian Arthur and Eric Beinhocker) of Complexity Economics (SFI Press, 2020). Stanger’s writing has appeared in the Atlantic, Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, Financial Times, International Herald Tribune, New York Times, USA Today, and the Washington Post, and she has testified (at the invitation of both Democrats and Republicans) before the Commission on Wartime Contracting, the Senate Budget Committee, the Congressional Oversight Panel, the Senate HELP Committee, and the House Committee on Government Oversight and Reform. She received her PhD in political science from Harvard University, where she spent academic year 2019-20 as technology and human values senior fellow at the Edmond J. Safra Center for Ethics. She was a co-author of the center’s Roadmap to Pandemic Resilience and is a senior advisor to the Hannah Arendt Humanities Network. Stanger was the Cary and Ann Maguire Chair in Ethics and American History at the Library of Congress and a CASBS fellow in 2020-21.
Claude M. Steele is an American social psychologist and a professor of psychology at Stanford University. He is best known for his work on stereotype threat and its application to minority student academic performance. His earlier work dealt with research on the self (e.g., self-image, self-affirmation) as well as the role of self-regulation in addictive behaviors. In 2010, he released his book, Whistling Vivaldi and Other Clues to How Stereotypes Affect Us (W. W. Norton & Company, 2011), summarizing years of research on stereotype threat and the underperformance of minority students in higher education.
Steele is elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the National Academy of Sciences, the National Science Board, the National Academy of Education, and the American Philosophical Society. He currently serves on the board of the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. He is a fellow for both the American Institutes for Research and the American Academy of Political and Social Science, and serves on the advisory council of the MIT Media Lab.
Steele has served in several major academic leadership positions as the executive vice chancellor and provost at UC Berkeley, the I. James Quillen Dean for the School of Education at Stanford University, and as the 21st provost of Columbia University. Steele was a fellow at CASBS in the class of 1994-95 and served as the director from 2005 to 2009. He has been a faculty fellow since 2019-20.
Abraham Verghese, a faculty fellow since 2017-18, launched the Stanford Presence Center to focus on the human connection in medicine. Housed within the Stanford School of Medicine, Presence seeks to add the social science dimensions to a multidisciplinary focus on balancing high touch and high tech for the equitable and inclusive experience of medicine. Their research aims include: understanding the human experience of patients, physicians and caregivers and how it relates to medical error and outcomes; and how to leverage technology for the human experience of medicine. Through collaboration with CASBS fellows, Presence explores these issues using insights from sociology, psychology, political science, organizational economics, and other disciplines that historically have honed their cutting edge at CASBS.
Verghese’s career combines the roles of physician, teacher, and author with frequent bylines in newspapers and magazines across the world. A highly sought after public speaker, Verghese is also a regular focus of attention in media — both medical and general — ranging from National Public Radio, the New England Journal of Medicine, and the New York Times to The Guardian and The Times of India. He is the author of the critically acclaimed novel Cutting for Stone (Knopf, 2009).
At Stanford’s School of Medicine, Verghese is the Linda R. Meier and Joan F. Lane Provostial Professor, and vice chair for the Theory and Practice of Medicine. He is a physician trained in internal medicine and infectious diseases. He was elected to the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies, and in September 2016, Verghese received the National Humanities Medal from then President Obama.